Their diet is surely one of the reasons why hedgehogs have been able to survive and thrive for so many millennia. Hedgehogs are most known for eating insects, however, this does not mean that hedgehogs are limited to being insectivores. In fact, hedgehogs are considered to be omnivores, meaning they will eat both plants and animals. Hedgehogs benefit from the nutrients that come from the different types of food they consume. When given the opportunity, hedgehogs will gladly eat vegetables, fruits and even technically considered “meat” such as lightly cooked eggs, fish, or Quorn. Contrary to popular belief, hedgehogs are capable of digesting carbohydrates such as oats.
However, it is not recommended to give hedgehogs corn, as the cellulose in their shells makes them indigestible to the small animal. It is very important that hedgehogs are given a balanced diet. This important especially when they are kept in captivity, since they have no other option when it comes to food. Insects should not make up more than a third of the diet of a hedgehog, as it doesn’t leave them with a healthy, balanced diet. Is a hedgehog an omnivore It is important to make sure that the insect that are being fed to the hedgehogs are fresh, and fit for human consumption.
When providing occasional treats, mealworms and wax worms are the best options to give to your hedgehog. These are high in the essential fatty acids and proteins that a hedgehog needs. Many owners also find it easier to provide boxed hedgehog food that is specially formulated for hedgehogs, as opposed to creating a mix of their own. These foods usually come in the form of dry kibble and are supplemented with essential minerals and vitamins for a balanced diet. It is important to remember that even though hedgehogs are omnivores, they should not be fed too much “human” food.